Zolemba pamatanthauzidwe a mayina

Ngati wamkulu wokonda nzeru, za chilankhulo, etymology, zamatsenga, onomastics ndi zilankhulo zambiri, tiyenera kuyang'ana m'mbuyo. Kale ku Roma tiyenera kutchula za wolemba Marco Terence, mmodzi mwa oyamba kunena etymology y tanthauzo la mawu. Ngakhale adadzikuta kale ndi akatswiri anzeru odziwika bwino nthawi zonse. Inde, nzeru zimalumikizananso ndi mutuwu ndipo zandithandizanso kumvetsetsa malingaliro ambiri omwe tiwonetse pano.

Nditazindikira nthambi yake ya filosofi yazilankhulo, ndidapeza zonse zokhudzana ndi tanthauzo, masantiki kapena kugwiritsa ntchito chilankhulocho ndikupanga gawo lina lalikulu kuti ndimvetsetse dziko losangalatsali. Pali mayina ambiri a ntchito zomwe titha kunena, monga Plato ndi 'Cratylus' wake, omwe ndimakhalabe m'modzi mwa apainiya. Mmenemo wafilosofi amalankhula za ubale pakati pa matanthauzo ndi mawu. Chifukwa chake pali mawu akuti 'sayansi ya mayina', momwe Socrates amapezekanso.

Bertrand Russell, wolemba On On Denotation

Ngakhale ndinganenenso za Locke ndi ntchito yake pa 'Essay on Human Understanding'. Popeza ndichimodzi mwazomwe zimayang'ana kwambiri pamaganizidwe ndi zovuta zam'malingaliro: 'Popanda chidziwitso, kumvetsetsa kulibe kanthu'. Ndemanga yomwe imachokera m'bukuli ndipo nthawi zonse imatithandiza kumvetsetsa ntchito yathu pang'ono. Ndizosangalatsanso kuzindikira Russell yemwe amabetcha pamalingaliro am'mafotokozedwe kapena Leech yemwe amatchulira tanthauzo komanso malingaliro.

Tili ndi ngongole zambiri kutero Elio Antonio de Nebrija yemwe adafalitsa fayilo ya galamala yoyamba ya Castilian. Momwemonso powerenga ndikumvera zomwe ananena, m'modzi mwa akatswiri azilankhulo monga von Humboldt, yemwe adadzifunsa ngati chilankhulo ndichomwe chimayambitsa chikhalidwe kapena chimafuna chilankhulo chimodzi komanso wolemba wowerenga woyenera. Zachidziwikire, Saussure adandiperekeza paulendo wautali wa phunziroli, chifukwa chothandizidwa ndi zilankhulo zamakono.

Chosangalatsa ndichopempha cha Jaime Balmes yemwe adati anthu sangathe kumvetsetsa nthawi, tikangomva, koma tiyenera kuyiphatikiza ndipo pambuyo pake tidzaizindikira. Magawo osiyanasiyana akumvetsetsa kwakumvetsetsa kotereku komwe kungafikiridwe pokhapokha pakuwerenga ndi kuphunzira kosiyanasiyana. Pomaliza sitingathe kuiwala mayina ena omwe adasintha ndi ntchito zawo monga Zithunzi za Antenor kapena Joachim Grzega.

Mabuku oyambira ndi zolemba, zomwe ndizofotokozera pakuphunzira

Nawu mndandanda wamabuku omwe andilemba kwambiri.

  • Plato. 'Cratylus'. (Zokambirana)
  • Terencio Varrón, Marco: 'De Lingua Latina'.
  • Locke, John: 'Nkhani Yokhudza Kumvetsetsa kwa Anthu'.
  • Gottlob Frege, Friedrich: 'Pa tanthauzo ndi tanthauzo'.
  • Russell, Bertrand (1905): 'Pa denotation'
  • De Nebrija, Elio Antonio (1492): 'Luso la chilankhulo cha Castile'.
  • Von Humboldt, Whilhelm (1829): 'Pazilankhulo zofananako poyerekeza ndi nyengo zosiyanasiyana zakulankhula'.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za ine muyenera kulowa mgawolo Sobre el autor.