Lexicology: kuphunzira za lexicon

Mukamaphunzira mawu, ndizowona kuti tili ndi maziko abwino omwe ndiye chiyambi kapena tanthauzo. Koma palinso gawo limodzi la lexicon, morphemes ndi mayunitsi onse omwe amapanga mawu. Zonsezi ziyenera kukhala zofunikira kuti mumvetsetse chilankhulo chilichonse. China chake chomwe Lexicology.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake sitinathe kuzisiya kumbuyo, chifukwa, ngati tikulankhula za tanthauzo la mayina, muyeneranso kudutsa iwo kuti mumvetsetse bwino gawo lililonse. Chifukwa chake, sayansi yazilankhulo ngati iyi imatilola kufotokozera ndikugawa magawo amawu a lexicon. Nkhani ina yofunikira mchilankhulo chathu!

Kodi lexicology ndi chiyani?

Lexicology Phunziro la lexicon

Mwachidule, titha kunena kuti lexicology ndi sayansi yazilankhulo, kapena zinenero subdiscipline, lomwe limayang'anira kuphunzira mawu kapena lexicon, ndiye kuti, morphemes ndi mawu wamba. Zingakhale zochepa motani, chiyambi cha mawuwo ndi Chi Greek ndipo chitha kutanthauziridwa kuti 'glossary'.

Sabemos kuti lexicon mawu onse omwe amapanga chilankhulo amatchedwa. Chifukwa chake timalankhula za mawu ake ndi mawu omwe amasonkhanitsidwa mudikishonale. Chilangochi ndichomwe chimayang'anira maphunziro ake, kuwunika kwake ndi magawidwe ake.

Kodi lexicology imaphunzira chiyani?

Ndizowona kuti kudziwa tanthauzo lake, timadziwa kale ntchito yake. Koma kuti muwone bwino, tikukuuzani kuti lexicology makamaka ndi za etymology. Inde, akuphatikizidwanso mu phunziro lake chifukwa chiyambi cha mawu onsewa amafunidwa. Komanso m'munda womwewo, zilankhulo zakale zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zomwe, monga tikudziwira, ndi zomwe zimayang'anira kuphunzira zilankhulo ndikusintha kwawo chifukwa cha kupita kwa nthawi.

Koma, lexicology imakhudzanso ubale pakati pa mawu. Kumbali imodzi kuli onomasiology yomwe imasanthula ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa lingaliro kapena tanthauzo ku mawu kapena chodziwikiratu. Kumbali inayi, timapeza zomwe zimatchedwa semasiology zomwe zikufanana ndi semantics, ndiye kuti kuphunzira tanthauzo la mawu. Pomaliza, maubwenzi apamtima monga hyponyma, hyperonymy kapena mawu ofanana ndi zotsutsana, nawonso amalowa m'maphunziro a lexicology.

Kapangidwe ka mawu atsopano

Zowona kuti poyambira titha kukhala ndi chidziwitso chambiri chokhudza mayina kapena mawu wamba. Koma muyenera kuzindikira kuti mawu omwe ali mgulu lazophatikizika aphatikizana ndikupanga mawonekedwe atsopano. Apa akhoza kulowa kapangidwe kazilankhulo komanso kutengera, zomwe mwachitapo nthawi zambiri kusukulu. Monga parasynthesis, idaphatikiza kapangidwe ndi kapangidwe kake. Zonsezi zimabweretsa mawu atsopano omwe akuyeneranso kudziwa.

Zofotokozera

Ngakhale amawoneka ofanana, iwo sali. Poterepa, timayankhula za lexicography tikatchula mafotokozedwe amawu kapena kuphatikiza kwawo, monga m'madikishonale. Kuchokera pazomwe tinganene kuti ndi gawo lowerengera chabe, lomwe limayang'anira kukhazikitsa madikishonalewa. Ngakhale ndizowona kuti ili ndi gawo lowerengera komanso lothandiza. Kuyambira pachiyambi chomwe mukuyang'ana ndikutanthauzira kwa mawu aliwonse koma mwanjira yonse. Pomwe lexicology idapita mwatsatanetsatane.

Ziyenera kufotokozedwa kuti sizongoyang'ana pakulongosola kwa dikishonare monga momwe tafotokozera. Koma, powerenga ntchito yake pang'ono, ndiyotengera kapangidwe kake, typology kapena kulumikizana kwina komwe mawu atha kukhala nako. Chifukwa chake, m'madikishonale timawona zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa monga mawu oti afotokozeredwe, kuwonjezera pa zambiri za etymological, the kafukufuku ndi kalasi yamawu.